North Edison

NorthEdison

About Edison

Edison Township (usually known as Edison) is a township in Middlesex County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, Edison had a total population of 99,967, retaining its position as the fifth-most populous municipality in New Jersey.  The 2010 population reflected an increase of 2,280 (+2.3%) from the 97,687 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 9,007 (+10.2%) from the 88,680 counted in the 1990 Census.

What is now Edison Township was originally incorporated as Raritan Township by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on March 17, 1870, from portions of both Piscataway Townshipand Woodbridge Township. Portions of the township were taken to form Metuchen on March 20, 1900, and Highland Park on March 15, 1905. The name was officially changed to Edison Township on November 10, 1954, in honor of inventor Thomas Edison, who had his main laboratory in the Menlo Park section of the township.

Edison was ranked the 28th most livable small city in the United States by CNN Money Magazine, and the 2nd in New Jersey in 2006 in Money Magazine’s ”Best Places To Live”. In 2008 two years later, Money Magazine changed the town’s ranking to 35 out of the top 100 places to live in the United States of America.  Edison Township was not on the 2007 list because that year’s list included only municipalities with a population of 50,000 or less. In the 2006 survey of America’s Safest Cities, the township was ranked 23rd, out of 371 cities included nationwide, in the 13th annual Morgan Quitno survey.   In 2009, Edison was ranked as one of “America’s 10 Best Places to Grow Up” by U.S. News and World Report. The rankings focused on low crime, strong schools, green spaces, and abundance of recreational activities.

The Edison Era

In 1876, Thomas Alva Edison set up his home and research laboratory in New Jersey on the site of an unsuccessful real estate development in Raritan Township called “Menlo Park”. While there he earned the nickname “the Wizard of Menlo Park.” Before his death at age 83 in 1931, the prolific inventor amassed a record 1,093 patents for creations including the phonograph, a stock ticker, the motion-picture camera, the incandescent lightbulb, a mechanical vote counter, the alkaline storage battery including one for an electric car, and the first commercial electric light.

It was in his Menlo Park laboratory that Thomas Edison came up with the phonograph and a commercially viable incandescent light bulb filament. Christie Street was the first street in the world to use electric lights for illumination.  Edison subsequently left Menlo Park and moved his home and laboratory to West Orange in 1886. His Menlo Park lab has been called one of the greatest laboratories ever.

Demographics

Edison hosts one of the region’s main centers of Asian American cultural diversity.

As part of the 2010 Census, 28.3% of Edison residents identified themselves as being Indian American.  In the 2000 Census, 17.75% of Edison residents identified themselves as being Indian American, the highest percentage of Indian American people of any place in the United States with 1,000 or more residents identifying their ancestry.

Edison is also developing a sprawling suburban Chinatown.

2010 Census 

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 99,967 people, 34,972 households, and 26,509 families residing in the township. The population density was 3,339.0 inhabitants per square mile (1,289.2 /km2). There were 36,302 housing units at an average density of 1,212.5 per square mile (468.1 /km2). The racial makeup of the township was 44.10% (44,084) White, 7.05% (7,046) Black or African American, 0.23% (229) Native American, 43.19% (43,177) Asian, 0.04% (36) Pacific Islander, 2.72% (2,718) from other races, and 2.68% (2,677) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 8.11% (8,112) of the population.

There were 34,972 households out of which 36.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.3% were married couples living together, 9.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.2% were non-families. 20.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.80 and the average family size was 3.26.

In the township the population was spread out with 22.7% under the age of 18, 7.6% from 18 to 24, 30.1% from 25 to 44, 27.0% from 45 to 64, and 12.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38.1 years. For every 100 females there were 95.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.8 males.

The Census Bureau’s 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $86,725 (with a margin of error of +/- $3,000) and the median family income was $100,008 (+/- $2,624). Males had a median income of $66,898 (+/- $4,094) versus $50,953 (+/- $1,462) for females. The per capita income for the township was $36,464 (+/- $1,184). About 3.5% of families and 7.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.6% of those under age 18 and 6.3% of those age 65 or over.

Education

Public schools

The Edison Township Public Schools serve students in pre-kindergarten through twelfth grade. The district’s two high schools separate the south and north ends of Edison. In the Edison High School zone to the south, there are six K–5 elementary schools, while in the J.P. Stevens High School zone there are five K-5 elementary schools. Schools in the district (with 2010-11 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[84]) are 11 elementary schools (covering grades K-5, except as noted) — Benjamin Franklin Elementary (573 students), Martin Luther King Jr. Elementary (573; grades PreK-5), Lincoln Elementary (706), Lindeneau Elementary (472), James Madison Primary School (633; PreK-2), who then move on to James Madison Intermediate School (564; 3–5), John Marshall Elementary (593), Menlo Park Elementary (805), James Monroe Elementary (429), Washington Elementary (550; PreK-5) and Woodbrook School (861) — John Adams Middle School (765; from James Madison Intermediate and MLK Jr.), Herbert Hoover Middle School (827; from Franklin, Lincoln and Monroe), Thomas Jefferson Middle School (774; from Lindeneau, Marshall and Washington) and Woodrow Wilson Middle School (861; from Menlo Park and Woodbrook) for grades 6–8 and both Edison High School (1,982; from Hoover and Jefferson) and J.P. Stevens High School (2,244; from Adams and Wilson) for grades 9–12.

J.P. Stevens was the 80th-ranked public high school in New Jersey out of 328 schools statewide in New Jersey Monthly magazine’s September 2012 cover story on the state’s “Top Public High Schools”, after being ranked 65th in 2010 out of 322 schools listed, while Edison High School was ranked 174 in 2012 and 169 in 2010.

Middlesex County College is also home to the Middlesex County Academy for Science, Mathematics, and Engineering Technologies, an engineering-based high school, which is part of the Middlesex County Vocational and Technical Schools. The high school is free for all Middlesex County residents, but admission is based on a test, past grades, and other academic and extracurricular activities. About 160 students, 40 per grade from around the county attend the Academy.

Private schools

Bishop George Ahr High School (9-12), St. Helena School (PreK-8) and St. Matthew School (PreK-8) operate under the supervision of Roman Catholic Diocese of Metuchen.

Other private schools in Edison include the Wardlaw-Hartridge School, Rabbi Jacob Joseph School, Yeshiva Shaarei Tzion, Rabbi Pesach Raymon Yeshiva, St. Helena School, St. Matthew School, Lakeview School and Our Lady Of Peace School. Additionally, the private for-profit technical school Lincoln Tech (formerly the Cittone Institute) has a campus on Oak Tree Road in Edison. Lincoln Tech in Edison offers various programs in Nursing and in medical and computer applications.

In Edison, the sizeable Asian/Chinese population had pushed for years to establish a Chinese School where students could learn the Chinese language. In 1998, Huaxia Edison Chinese School (which teaches Simplified Chinese) was established in Thomas Jefferson Middle School. Huaxia currently resides in Edison High School. However, many families from Taiwan send their children to Edison Chinese School, located at John Adams Middle School, or Tzu Chi, located at Woodrow Wilson Middle School. These schools both teach Traditional Chinese. JP Stevens High School also offers Hindi as an elective language for students who are interested in learning it.

Colleges

Middlesex County College (MCC) is a public, two-year community college located in Edison at the intersection of Woodbridge Avenue and Mill Road.

Rutgers University’s Livingston campus is located on the former Kilmer Army Base, partially located in Edison.

Notable people

Notable current and former residents of Edison Township include:

  • Peter J. Barnes II (born 1928), Chairman of the New Jersey State Parole Board who had served in New Jersey’s General Assembly from 1996 to 2007.
  • Peter J. Barnes III (born 1956), represents the 18th Legislative District in the New Jersey General Assembly, and served on the Edison Township Council from 1996 to 2007.
  • Gayleatha B. Brown, diplomat who has served as the United States Ambassador to Benin and the United States Ambassador to Burkina Faso.
  • David Bryan (born 1962), keyboardist, founding member of Bon Jovi.
  • Al Chez, trumpet player for the Late Show with David Letterman.
  • Rich Clementi (born 1976), mixed martial arts fighter.
  • Ken Cuccinelli (born 1968), Attorney General of Virginia.
  • Tom Dwan (born 1986), professional poker player.
  • Bernard J. Dwyer (1921-1998), served in the United States House of Representatives from 1981 to 1993.
  • Frank Guinta (born 1970), serves in the United States House of Representatives from New Hampshire’s 1st congressional district.
  • Thomas Edison (1847–1931), inventor, the township’s namesake.
  • Pamela Long , singer with former Bad Boy group Total.
  • Patrick McDonnell (born 1956), cartoonist, creator Mutts comics.
  • Earl Schenck Miers (1910-1972), historian who wrote extensively about the American Civil War.
  • Victor Mitchell (born 1965), former member of the Colorado House of Representatives.
  • Brittany Murphy (1977–2009), actress.
  • Jim Norton (born 1968), stand-up comedian.
  • Margie Palatini, author of books for children.
  • Marc Pisciotta (born 1970), former Major League Baseball pitcher.
  • Mark L. Polansky (born 1956), NASA astronaut.
  • Susan Sarandon (born 1946), actress.
  • Nancy Shevell (born 1959), third wife of Paul McCartney and a leader in the trucking industry.
  • Chris Snee (born 1982), guard who has played for the New York Giants.
  • George A. Spadoro, former Mayor of Edison, Council President and Assemblyman.
  • Joel Stein (born 1971), Los Angeles Times columnist.
  • Mike Vallely (born 1970), professional skateboarder.
  • Darrin Winston (1966–2008), Major League Baseball player who played two seasons in Major League Baseball for the Philadelphia Phillies.
  • Jeremy Zuttah (born 1986), offensive lineman for the Tampa Bay Buccaneers.

All information about North Edison courtesy of Wikipedia.

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